The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) allows high-speed synchronous serial data transfer
between microprocessors / microcontrollers and peripheral devices. The SPI-MS core can
operate either as a Master or a Slave SPI bus device.
When operating in master mode, the core generates the serial data clock (SCK) and selects
the slave device, which will be accessed. The SPI-MS core master is able to generate single-byte
or multi-byte frames. The internal data path of the core is configurable between 8,16 or 32-bit width.
When using a wider that 8-bit data-path, the core is able to generate partial word transfers,
by generating frames with less bytes than the data path width. In this manner the core can transmit
a data stream with length that is not a multiple of the data-path width.
When operating in slave mode, another master device on the bus generates the Serial Data Clock
and activates the Slave Select input of the core to establish communication.
The slave is able to split the received data in partial words, in the case that a smaller
than the data-path width frame is received. The slave incorporates mechanisms to reject
input noise from the SPI bus, achieving a reliable data reception. Transmitted data are
also accurately synchronized with the Serial Clock of the SPI bus.
Interfacing to sensors, ADC/DAC, memories, flash cards and other peripherals using the SPI protocol.